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Convergence of Knowledge, Technology and Society

Convergence of Knowledge, Technology and Society

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About the Book

This volume aims to document the most important worldwide accomplishments in converging knowledge and technology, including converging platforms, methods of convergence, societal implications, and governance in the last ten years. Convergence in knowledge, technology, and society is the accelerating, transformative interaction among seemingly distinct scientific disciplines, technologies, and communities to achieve mutual compatibility, synergism, and integration, and through this process to create added value for societal benefit. It is a movement that is recognized by scientists and thought leaders around the world as having the potential to provide far-reaching solutions to many of today's complex knowledge, technology, and human development challenges. Four essential and interdependent convergence platforms of human activity are defined in the first part of this report: nanotechnology-biotechnology-information technology and cognitive science ("NBIC") foundational tools; Earth-scale environmental systems; human-scale activities; and convergence methods for societal-scale activities. The report then presents the main implications of convergence for human physical potential, cognition and communication, productivity and societal outcomes, education and physical infrastructure, sustainability, and innovative and responsible governance. As a whole, the report presents a new model for convergence. To effectively take advantage of this potential, a proactive governance approach is suggested. The study identifies an international opportunity to develop and apply convergence for technological, economic, environmental, and societal benefits. The panel also suggests an opportunity in the United States for implementing a program aimed at focusing disparate R and D energies into a coherent activity - a "Societal Convergence Initiative". This study received input from leading academic, industry, government, and NGO experts from the United States, Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Australia.
About the Author: Dr. Mihail C. Roco is the Senior Advisor for Nanotechnology at the National Science Foundation (NSF) and a key architect of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Dr. Roco is the founding Chair of the U.S. National Science and Technology Council's Subcommittee on Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET) and established the Nanotechnology Group of the International Risk Governance Council. Prior to joining National Science Foundation, he was Professor of mechanical and chemical engineering. Dr. Roco is credited with thirteen patents and has contributed over two hundred archival articles in sixteen books including recently 'Managing Nano-Bio-Info-Cognition Innovations' (2007) and 'Mapping Nanotechnology Knowledge and Innovation: Global and Longitudinal Patent and Literature Analysis' (2009). Dr. Roco is a corresponding member of the Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences and a member of the International Risk Governance Council. His research included experimental and simulation methods to investigate nanosystems. He formally proposed the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) in a presentation at The White House OSTP, Committee on Technology, on March 11, 1999. He conducted research, teaching, consulting to industry, and international organizations in the Americas, Europe, Japan, and Australia. He is a Fellow of ASME, Fellow of AIChE and Fellow of the Institute of Physics. He was elected Engineer of the Year by the U.S. Society of Professional Engineers and NSF in 1999 and again in 2004. He was honored as recipient of the Carl Duisberg Award in Germany, the 'Burgers Professorship Award' in The Netherlands, and the 'University Research Professorship' and Fingerson/TSI awards in the U.S. He received the National Materials Advancement Award from the Federation of Materials Societies in 2007 as 'the individual most responsible for support and investment in nanotechnology by government, industry, and academia worldwide'.
William Sims Bainbridge is an American sociologist who currently resides in Virginia. He is co-director of Human-Centered Computing at the National Science Foundation (NSF). He is the first Senior Fellow to be appointed by the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies. Professor Bainbridge is most well known for his work on the sociology of religion. He has published extensively on the sociology of computer gaming, and he has pioneered the use of online virtual worlds for scientific conferences and research proposal review panels. He has edited two major reference works relevant to NBIC, The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and Leadership in Science and Technology. His doctoral research and first book concerned the social movement dedicated to exploration of outer space, and he has returned to that topic for the book he is currently writing, examining the social and intellectual barriers to future progress in that direction.
Bruce Tonn, is a professor at the University of Tennesee. Dr. Tonn's research focuses on environmental and energy policy, futures studies, sustainability, and policy decision making methods. It also includes uncertainty methods, technology policy, computers in society, and social theory.
George Whitesides, is a Woodford L. and Ann A. Flowers Professor at Harvard University. His research interests are: physical and organic chemistry, materials science, biophysics, complexity and emergence, surface science, microfluidics, optics, self-assembly, micro- and nanotechnology, science for developing economies, catalysis, energy production and conservation, origin of life, rational drug design, cell-surface biochemistry, simplicity, and infochemistry.

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Product Details
  • ISBN-13: 9783319022031
  • Publisher: Springer
  • Publisher Imprint: Springer
  • Depth: 38
  • Height: 234 mm
  • No of Pages: 558
  • Series Title: Science Policy Reports
  • Sub Title: Beyond Convergence of Nano-Bio-Info-Cognitive Technologies
  • Width: 164 mm
  • ISBN-10: 3319022032
  • Publisher Date: 11 Feb 2014
  • Binding: Hardback
  • Edition: 2013 ed.
  • Language: English
  • Returnable: Y
  • Spine Width: 39 mm
  • Weight: 1033 gr

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