Egypt experienced an economic shift from a managed economic strategy to one of market-oriented resource allocation starting in the 1970s, and in 1987 signed a stabilization program agreement with the International Monetary Fund. This is an overview of these structural changes experienced by the Egyptian economy in the 70s and 80s. The main tool to assess the effectiveness of the policies and to evaluate growth prospects under different policy scenarios is an integrated macroeconomic-energy demand-input/output model. Four different policy scenarios are explored.
About the Author:
MAHMOUD A. T. ELKHAFIF is a Senior Economist in the Research Department of the Central Bank of Kuwait. He was an Economic Advisor with the Ontario Ministry on Environment and Energy, and Economist (Project Leader) with Ontario Hydro. Dr. Elkhafif has research interests in economic and econometric modeling, forecasting, and developmental economics.