Completely revised and rewritten, the fourth edition of this leading text takes the theme of the Teacher as a Professional and presents a balance between the core topics in foundations and their practical classroom applications. This entirely new, streamlined edition retains its comprehensive range of foundations topics while focusing on accessibility and relevance to pre-service teachers, as well as an emphasis on social issues and trends in schools. Exciting pedagogical features focus on professional practice, technology, national standards, and professional portfolios. A new chapter on standards and assessment addresses the prevalence of these issues in teachers' lives. A bonus section on the PRAXIS Series and state licensure offers FAQs, test-taking tips, and practice questions.