Bamboo is an important non-wood forest product. In India, bamboo, which is traditionally considered the “poor man's wood”, and labelled as “green gold” is being considered a major export item by the centre for the global market. Bamboo is perfectly suited to agro-forestry as a woody grass. Bamboo has been exploited from natural stands from time immemorial. Bamboo is increasingly being cultivated like other agricultural crops, that is, in professionally managed plantations. The growth of industries utilizing bamboo requires the sustainable cultivation and management of bamboo resources. Bamboo can play an important role in raising forest cover and a major role in stabilization of the environmental problems.
The cultivation of bamboo as a wood substitute helps to offset depletion of the rain forest. Its rapid growth ensures an effective reconstruction of damaged eco systems. Bamboo is one of many sustainable non-wood resources that can generate income for a large forest-dependent rural population and it needs to take further steps to realize its full potential. In India, the North-East has the largest stock and diversity of bamboos. Though India has the largest area under bamboo, the yield per hectare is very low compared to other countries such as Japan, China and Malaysia. About 80 per cent of the world's bamboo comes from these countries, while India, though having more than 100 different species of bamboo, has only about 4 per cent share in the global market. Bamboo plantation rising should be encouraged & promoted due to their high value, productivity, uniformity of crop, choice of species linked to peoples’ need and industrial need.
This book provides a complete detail on Bamboo plantation and its utilization. This book contains chapters like types of bamboo in India, taxonomy, cultivation, harvesting, growth management, bamboo utilization, Bamboo products and many more. This book will be very helpful to all its readers, environmentalists, agronomists, entrepreneurs, industrialists, or anyone with a special interest in bamboo cultivation.