The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was established in 1979. FEMA's mission is to focus Federal efforts on preparedness for, mitigation of, response to, and recovery from emergencies encompassing the full range of natural and manmade disasters. FEMA's National Emergency Training Center (NETC) in Maryland, includes the United States Fire Administration (USFA), its National Fire Academy (NFA), and the Emergency Management Institute (EMI). To achieve the Academy's legislated mandate (under Public Law 93-498, October 29, 1974), "to advance the professional development of fire service personnel and other persons engaged in fire prevention and control activities," the National Fire Academy has developed an effective program linkage with established fire training systems which exist at the state and local levels. Academy field courses have been sponsored by the respective state fire training systems in every state. The staff of the National Fire Academy is proud to join with state and local fire agencies in providing educational opportunities to the members of the nation's fire services. This course addresses the special needs of responders to incidents which may have been caused by terrorist action. The response to terrorism program builds upon the firm foundation provided by the Hazardous Materials curriculum offered at the Academy and adds specialized information concerning such topics as: current Department of Justice definitions of terrorism; a history of terrorism; agents utilized by terrorists; suspicious circumstances; self-protection at potential terrorist scenes; crime scene considerations; and specialized incident command issues.